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Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the cervix.

The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus (the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a fetus grows). The cervix leads from the uterus to the vagina (birth canal).

The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus (the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a fetus grows). The cervix leads from the uterus to the vagina (birth canal).

Cervical cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the cervix.

Cervical cancer usually develops slowly over time. Before cancer appears in the cervix, the cells of the cervix go through changes known as dysplasia, in which abnormal cells begin to appear in the cervical tissue. Over time, the abnormal cells may become cancer cells and start to grow and spread more deeply into the cervix and to surrounding areas.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the major risk factor for cervical cancer. There are usually no signs or symptoms of early cervical cancer but it can be detected early with regular check-ups. Signs and symptoms of cervical cancer include vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain. Tests that examine the cervix are used to detect (find) and diagnose cervical cancer. Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

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Understanding Cervical Cancer

  • Cervical Cancer
  • HPV and Its Link to Cervical Cancer
  • HPV Risk Factors and Prevention
  • HPV Vaccine Basics
  • Risk Factors for Cerivcal Cancer
  • Stages of Cervical Cancer

  • Additional Information

  • Symptoms and Tests
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    Last Updated: May 13, 2016