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Tuesday, March 11, 2014
The most popular surgical approaches to weight loss are:
In addition to significant weight loss, bariatric surgery can result in improvement in diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and sleep apnea.
Gastric bypass surgery is a "combination surgery" that
Therefore, the patient eats less food and poorly absorbs calories, vitamins, and minerals in the small intestine, resulting in weight loss.
Lap-band surgery, which was approved in 2001, reduces the size of the stomach by placing a silicone band around the top portion of the stomach. Post-operatively, a balloon inside the band can be inflated or deflated through a simple procedure to control the opening and the weight loss. Studies have shown that lap-band surgery results in about half the weight loss that accompanies gastric bypass surgery; therefore, it may not be an effective treatment for extremely obese persons.
Only persons with extreme obesity [Body Mass Index (BMI) = 40] or with a BMI of 35 plus a serious obesity-related health problem should be considered for surgery. Those who qualify are usually at least 100 pounds over their recommended weight. Surgery should be a "last resort", only after multiple attempts at weight loss through non-surgical methods. Patients should undergo a thorough physical and psychological evaluation by a multidisciplinary team, as well as an educational program that prepares them for the surgery and the post-surgical treatment. Patients must be committed to lifelong medical follow-up, vitamin/mineral supplementation, and improved diet and activity habits. So the surgery itself is not a solution to the problem of obesity, but it is a viable component of the treatment plan for some persons.
This article originally appeared in Nutri-bytes (April 2007), a service of the University of Cincinnati College of Nursing and was adapted for use on NetWellness with permission.
Last Reviewed: Apr 03, 2007
Bonnie J Brehm, PhD, RD
Professor of Nursing
College of Nursing
University of Cincinnati