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Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the endometrium.

The endometrium is the lining of the uterus, a hollow, muscular organ in a woman’s pelvis. The uterus is where a fetus grows. In most nonpregnant women, the uterus is about 3 inches long. The lower, narrow end of the uterus is the cervix, which leads to the vagina.

Most uterine cancers start in the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus). This is called endometrial cancer. Most endometrial cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make mucus and other fluids).

Obesity, certain inherited conditions, and taking estrogen alone (without progesterone) can increase the risk of endometrial cancer. Radiation therapy to the pelvis can increase the risk of uterine sarcoma. Taking tamoxifen for breast cancer can increase the risk of both endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma.

The most common sign of endometrial cancer is unusual vaginal bleeding. Endometrial cancer can usually be cured.

Endometrial cancer is both the most common type of uterine cancer and the most common cancer of the female reproductive system, accounting for approximately 6 percent of all cancers in women in the United States. Since 2002, overall incidence rates have not changed significantly, whereas (More)


Understanding Endometrial cancer

  • Risk Factors and Signs & Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer
  • Stages of Endometrial Cancer
  • Weight, Obesity & Cancer: A Serious Risk
  • Four Things You Can Do To Prevent Cancer
  • Endometrial cancer - PDF (The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologist)
  • Uterine Cancer
  • Uterine-Endometrial Cancer

  • Additional Information

  • Symptoms and Tests
  • Treatment
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    Last Updated: May 13, 2016